How To Write Perfect TOEFL Body Paragraphs Every Time
A Step-By-Step Guide To Creating Structured TOEFL Body Paragraphs
When hearing the word body, most people immediately imagine exercise, sculpted abs, or getting in bathing-suit ready shape. As an educator who has taught writing at both the high school and college levels, my mind jumps to something very different: body paragraphs. While the paragraphs that follow the introduction segment of an essay might not at first seem to have much in common with fitness, both types of bodies are at their peak when planned out and when following a particular regiment. In other words, planning and structure are critical for building solid, powerful body paragraphs. So what shape should body paragraphs take? Here are the 6 parts every body paragraph needs to have.
Start with a topic sentence
Besides the thesis statement, topic sentences are the most important sentences that you will write. You know that those who grade essays on standardized tests do not have very long to spend with each essay, and as a result, it is even more important to make sure that the reader is clearly guided through the essay. The topic sentences states the main idea of that body paragraph, and as a result, it should reflect some part of the thesis.
Sentence Two: Explain or clarify your position
Your second sentence gives you the opportunity to restate the idea from the topic sentence, showcasing your paraphrasing ability, and allows you to get a little deeper, clearing up any terms that need to be defined (especially big abstract nouns like freedom or success that may be very subjective) or getting more specific. This should set the reader up for sentence 3.
Sentence Three: Support with a reason or example
Now you are ready to dig into your main reason or support. This idea can make up the bulk of your body paragraph, but it should be spread over multiple sentences as to avoid creating a run-on sentence. You can reference an article you read recently on the topic that has lead you to take this position or you can talk about a personal situation that has informed your opinion. You may find as you practice that you are frequently reusing the same material in a number of essays and that's okay as ETS doesn't know that; as long as your versatile example seems appropriate for the question presented on test day., feel free to use the same ideas you've used in prior practice essays or modify those ideas so they seem to fit perfectly (even if that means slightly exaggerating). If after adding your main reason or example, your paragraph is now at least five sentences long, you can move on to your wrap up sentence and then move on to your next body paragraph. If not, continue to add to that paragraph with the next step.
If necessary, smoothly transition to introduce another, secondary, reason or example. Gain trust with your reader and add to your word count by adding another similar piece of support for the main idea featured in your topic sentence. If you used a more academic reference use a personal one. This will round out your answer, making it seem more thought out. It is necessary to include the proper transition so the reader understands how this is connected to the first example given.
Provide the second reason or example, if needed. Just as you did with the first supporting reason or example, explain fully how this supports your main claim in the topic sentence.
Always end each body paragraph with a concluding thought
Remind the reader how this reason/example ties back to the position stated at the top of the body paragraph. Especially if you've got more than one reason or example, it is imperative that you reiterate how these points illustrate your main idea. Don't use the same exact language because you do not want to sound redundant.
Body paragraphs are where the bulk of development happens inside an essay. As a result, using transitions, clear reasoning, and supporting details are crucial. By following this pattern, your essay will stay well sculpted time and time again.
Get tons of body paragraph practice when you download the free One Month Writing Challenge printable. Perfect your strategy by writing 90 body paragraphs for the over two dozen practice independent essay questions in this download.